NATO advisers and industry are urging the allies to rapidly absorb artificial intelligence software into their militaries’ observe, orient, decide, act (OODA) loop or risk seeing the latter collapse in the face of adversaries’ increasingly sophisticated artificial intelligence (AI)-enabled attacks.
NATO Information Systems Technology (IST) Panel Office already arranged a 150 people meeting in Bordeaux for end of May 2018:
In order to avoid an abstract scientific discussion, the national STB representatives will engage operational experts to participate and work with the scientists towards a common road map for future research activities in NATO that meet operational needs.
Within the OODA loop the first step ‘Observe’ is about harvesting data. Intelligent integration of heterogeneous devices, architectures of acquisition systems and sensors, decentralized management of data, and autonomous collection platforms and sensors give a huge field for improvement with Natural Language Processing and Artificial Intelligence technologies for acquiring and processing Big Data. The next step ‘Orient’ is about reasoning. Analysis of social media, information fusion, anomaly detection, and behavior modeling are domains with huge potential for Machine Learning algorithms. The same is applicable for the ‘Decide’ step where predictive analytics, augmented and virtual reality and many more technologies support the operational decision-making process. A complex battlefield and high speed operations require independently acting devices to ‘Act’ with a certain degree of Autonomy. In all steps, the application of AI technologies for automated analysis, early warnings, guaranteeing trust in the Internet of Things (IoT), and distinguishing relevant from Fake Data is mandatory.
This is the escalation Nick Bostrom first (in its book Superintelligence) and Elon Musk later were talking about.